Historian claims Trump administration deal with Taliban created ‘road map to capitulation’

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The Taliban quickly regained control of Afghanistan 20 years after the start of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) by US forces.

The United States linked the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks to al-Qaeda, a group that operated under the protection of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan. The operation was launched to prevent the Taliban from providing safe haven for al-Qaeda and to stop al-Qaeda’s use of Afghanistan as a base of operations for terrorist activity.

Operation Enduring Freedom began on October 7, 2001, under the administration of President George W. Bush, with Allied airstrikes on Taliban and Al Qaeda targets.

On October 14, 2001, the Taliban offered to discuss the transfer of al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden to a third country for trial if the United States provided evidence of bin Laden’s involvement in the terrorist attacks. September 11th. The White House rejected the offer.

On November 13, 2001, US airstrikes and anti-Taliban North Afghan Alliance ground attacks resulted in the downfall of Kabul.

That same month, many European countries offered troops to support the OEF, including Germany, the Netherlands, France and Italy. US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld also announced that the United States has doubled the number of its troops based in the country.

Over the next 20 years, the United States, along with allied nations and coalitions, worked to create an Afghan-led nation and to create and train an Afghan National Army. Here’s a timeline:

2-5 Dec 2001 – United Nations hosts Bonn Conference in Germany, results of Bonn Agreement create Afghan Interim Authority, and outline process for creating new constitution and choosing new government.

December 20, 2001 – The United Nations has authorized the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) to provide security support to Afghans. The United Kingdom agrees to lead the force initially.

December 22, 2001 – Hamid Karzai is sworn in as the head of an interim power-sharing government.

March 25, 2002 – Rumsfeld announces that there are plans underway for U.S. and coalition forces to help train and create an Afghan National Army.

January 2004 – Afghanistan adopts a new constitution by consensus.

October 9, 2004 – Afghanistan’s first direct democratic elections take place.

December 7, 2004 – Karzai was sworn in as the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan.

Dec 1 2009 – Obama announces the deployment of 30,000 additional American troops. This new deployment, scheduled for 2010, brought the total US troops to nearly 100,000, in addition to 40,000 NATO troops.

January 2010 – Representatives from more than 60 countries gather in London for the International Conference on Afghanistan, pledging to support the development of the Afghan National Security Forces.

May 2, 2011 – Early in the morning, a small group of US forces, including Navy Seals, raided a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan and killed Osama bin Laden.

June 22, 2011 – Obama announces a plan to reduce the number of troops in Afghanistan and that US combat operations in the country will end by 2014.

February 1, 2012 – Defense Secretary Leon Panetta announces that the United States hopes to end its combat mission in Afghanistan in 2013, primarily shifting to a training role.

May 27, 2014 – President Obama announces that the United States combat mission in Afghanistan will end in December 2014.

September 30, 2014 – The United States and Afghanistan sign a joint security agreement that will allow American troops to stay in Afghanistan beyond the December withdrawal deadline.

January 1, 2015 – After more than 13 years of combat operations in Afghanistan, the United States is launching Operation Freedom’s Sentinel (OFS). The new mission conducts counterterrorism operations targeting terrorist groups like al Qaeda and the local ISIS affiliate and also focuses on building up local Afghan security forces to help combat the Taliban.

Dec 9 2019 – Confidential documents obtained by the Washington Post reveal that senior U.S. officials misled the U.S. public about the war in Afghanistan in order to cover up doubts about the likelihood that the U.S. could succeed in the nearly 20-year effort from its earliest days, the newspaper reports.

April 14, 2021 – US President Joe Biden officially announces his decision to withdraw US troops from Afghanistan before September 11, 2021, believing that the protracted and intractable conflict in Afghanistan no longer matches US priorities. “It’s time to end America’s longest war,” he said.

August 2021 – The Taliban take control of the capital of Afghanistan, Kabul, nearly two decades after being driven out by US troops. President Biden sends 5,000 additional troops to Kabul to evacuate American personnel.

Learn more about key events here.

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