China loosens birth limits to allow couples to have 3 children

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BEIJING – The ruling Communist Party in China will ease birth limits to allow all couples to have three children instead of two in response to the growing age of the population, an agency said on Monday state press.

The announcement follows census data which showed that China’s working-age population has shrunk over the past decade, while the number of people over 65 has increased, adding to the pressure on the country. economy and society.

Children are seen playing in a playground in a residential area.  Although China has tried to encourage young couples to have more than one baby, the birth rate has been dropping steadily in recent years.  (Photo by Zhang Peng / LightRocket via Getty Images)
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Children are seen playing in a playground in a residential area. Although China has tried to encourage young couples to have more than one baby, the birth rate has been dropping steadily in recent years. (Photo by Zhang Peng / LightRocket via Getty Images)

The ruling party has imposed birth limits since 1980 to curb population growth, but fears the number of working-age people is shrinking too quickly.

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A ruling party Politburo meeting on Monday ruled that “China will introduce major policies and measures to actively combat aging populations,” Xinhua News Agency said.

Party leaders “pointed out that further optimization of fertility policy, the implementation of the policy of a couple can have three children and supportive measures are conducive to improving the structure of the Chinese population, ”according to the report.

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Restrictions that limited most couples to one child were relaxed in 2015 to allow everyone to have two. But after a brief rise the following year, the number of births declined.

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