China celebrates the 100th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) on Thursday, reveling in what it sees as the foundation of the nation’s global success.
But while lavish festivities have been planned, they will undoubtedly not fail to mention that tens of millions of people have been killed at the hands of the CCP.
The Party was founded in 1921 on the principles of Marxism-Leninism, but it was not until 1949 that it was able to take full control of the country.
The CCP challenged the nationalist government of the Kuomintang and started an intermittent 12-year civil war.
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From 1927, an unknown number of people were killed as a result of the internal political struggle, although some estimate that as many as 4.9 million people died during the civil war.
CCP leader Mao Zedong became the leader of China in 1949 and in 1951 he launched what the Chinese dubbed the “Peaceful Liberation of Tibet,” deciding that the independent state should be incorporated into the People’s Republic of. China.
The annexation eventually led to the bloody Tibetan uprising of 1959, where an estimated 87,000 Tibetans were killed, along with 2,000 Chinese soldiers.
The Dalai Lama fled into exile, where he has remained ever since.
In an attempt to propel the Chinese economy on a global scale, Mao launched a campaign known as the “Great Leap Forward” in 1958 – a disastrous program that forced millions of rural Chinese villagers from their farms. to join mass municipalities.
Livelihoods, homes and possessions were taken away and instead people were forced to receive their food in public canteens where provisions were distributed on the basis of merit, Frank Dikötter explained in his literary work, “Mao’s Great Famine”.
Mao then established itself as one of the largest mass murders in the world, killing up to 45 million Chinese civilians between 1958 and 1962 – largely through starvation.
Extreme discipline has become commonplace and around 2-3 million people have been tortured to death or executed, including a case where a father was forced to bury his son alive after stealing a “handful of grain”.
It is believed that more people died just under the CCP’s “Great Leap Forward” than those killed by Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union or Adolf Hitler of Germany.
In an attempt to reassert his power following the catastrophic results of the economic campaign, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution in 1966.
He closed schools and urged groups of young people to mobilize and purge “unclean” elements from Chinese society.
The CCP chairman encouraged harassment of the elderly, officials, and intellectuals who he said did not focus enough on the ideological values of the CCP.
The youth groups turned into a paramilitary network known as the Red Guards, who were encouraged to rid the Chinese population of the “Old Four”, which included ancient customs, culture, habits and ideas – reminiscent of the movement of the Soviet youth formed under Stalin.
Defense Minister Lin Biao relied on Maoist cults that arose and widely disseminated the so-called “Little Red Book” – to further disseminate Mao’s teachings.
The chaos that erupted in the onslaught of the Cultural Revolution was just a glimpse of the violence and social unrest that would ensue for a decade.
Estimates of the death toll during the Cultural Revolution range from 1 million to 20 million, although the total is likely closer to the lowest number, according to the World Peace Foundation at Tufts University.
Some researchers estimate that in sum, Mao’s horrific tyranny that lasted for decades caused as many as 80 million “unnatural deaths”.
After Mao’s death in 1976, under the new leadership of Deng Xiaoping, China continued its oppression. He launched what was initially a voluntary one-child policy in 1978.
But demand from inside the CCP prompted the central government to impose the oppressive policy nationwide on September 25, 1980.
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The policy was aimed at curbing China’s population explosion, but led to acts of cruelty.
The prioritization of male children has resulted in a significant gender gap in China by 2020, with more than 105 men per 100 women, compared to the global ratio of 101 men per 100 women.
The policy was lifted in 2016 to allow two children per family unit to counter the decline in the working-age population.
In May, the CCP again lifted the restriction to allow three children per married couple, because birth rates had not yet increased significantly.
But the limits of basic human rights have spread to almost every aspect of Chinese culture, and a decade after the implementation of the one-child policy, pro-democracy students gathered in Tiananmen Square in Beijing to demand an end to press censorship and the right to assemble.
What started as a peaceful protest in April 1989 turned into a massacre three months later.
The People’s Liberation Army was called in to clean up the square with 200,000 soldiers and 100 tanks.
The soldiers opened fire and used expansion bullets, bayonets and clubs on the student protesters.
The CCP claimed that 200 civilians were killed as a result of the attack, but documents released in 2017 showed the death rate far exceeded what even Western academics estimated.
Documents provided by a source in the Chinese State Council through British diplomatic channels revealed that more than 10,000 civilians were killed in the state-sanctioned attack on June 4, 1989.
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Beijing refused to acknowledge the events, and information surrounding the massacre was suppressed by the CCP – leaving many Chinese unaware of the atrocities that took place.
China has also engaged in arbitrary detention, forced labor, torture, sterilization and re-education of ethnic and religious groups over the past three decades.
Falun Gong, Tibetans, Uyghurs and other minority groups have been targeted by the CCP, which maintains that it has not violated any human rights violations.
An unknown number of Chinese civilians have been killed for their various religious beliefs, and human rights groups believe more than a million Uyghurs have been detained by the government in the past three years.
The United States, Canada and the Netherlands have accused China of committing genocide against the Uyghurs – which is defined by the international convention as “the intention to destroy, in whole or in part, a national group , ethnic, racial or religious ”.
Human rights groups have reported forced sterilizations of women to suppress the growth of the Uyghur population.
Children have also reportedly been separated from their families to prevent the perpetuation of Uyghur culture.
CCP officials have systematically rejected genocide allegations and claimed that their “re-education” camps are just systems to counter Muslim extremism.
In response to the CCP’s centennial celebration, a bipartisan group of US lawmakers last week submitted a resolution condemning the immense number of human rights abuses over the past 100 years.
The resolution, led by Wisconsin Republican Representative Mike Gallagher, was originally co-sponsored by three Republican members and three Democratic House members. But less than a week after its submission to Congress, the number of co-sponsors has “tripled,” Gallagher’s office told Fox News.
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Gallagher on Tuesday called on House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to present the resolution to the House in an “unambiguous message” condemning the atrocities committed during the CCP’s rule.
“Over the past century, the Chinese Communist Party has repeatedly violated basic human rights and brutalized its own citizens,” Gallagher said in a statement to Fox News. “The history of the Party is a history of repression, torture, mass imprisonment and genocide.
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