In the professional category, 1.9% came from rural areas for men. For women, it was a higher share at 3.2%.
The PLFS annual report covers both rural and urban areas while the quarterly bulletin covers urban centres. The PLFS report provides an overview of the employment situation, working conditions and wages in rural and urban centres. It was launched in 2017 as part of efforts to better understand the employment situation and provide reliable and up-to-date data.
Highlighting working conditions, the survey showed that 65.2% of male employees in the non-agricultural sector did not have a formal contract, and for women it was 61.5%. Overall 64.3% of them had no work contract.
The survey results also showed that 47.9% of workers were not eligible for paid leave. For men it was 49.3% and for women it was estimated at 43.7%.
Whatever the form of social security, 53.8% of workers did not benefit from it. Among men it was 53.1% and among women it was 55.8%.
Experts attribute the lack of social security and formal labor contracts to the impact of the pandemic, which ushered in informality in jobs. However, past data also suggests that the problem already existed before and that reforms are needed to ensure the improvement of working conditions in all segments.
“It is important to remember that we entered Covid with over 88% informality in our workforce, which means vulnerable working conditions and no contracts. Towards the beginning of the last financial year, opportunities presented themselves. This has led to an increase in informality, as happens in any economic and social crisis,” said Rituparna Chakrabortyco-founder and executive director Team rentalone of the largest recruitment companies in the country.
“However, if the rules of the four labor codes are notified and states align, we can see the emerging impact of greater formalization for both male and female labor,” Chakraborty said.
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